Depending on what your dining room’s style and size, there are several lighting fixture options for you – chandelier, ceiling pendant, cove lighting, flush mounts, semi-flush mounts, wall sconces, and table lamps. For a brighter and more inviting dining room, layer your lights by mixing and matching the light fixtures so that you have ambient, task, and accent lighting.
If you are planning to redecorate your dining room and replace your existing light fixtures, you can save a great amount of money by doing this by yourself. Installing a chandelier or flush mount may seem daunting, but it is easier than you think. Here are simple steps to follow to install different types of lighting.
How to Install a Chandelier
- Turn off the power to the circuit where the chandelier will be mounted. Unscrew the fuse of the fixture that is going to be replaced at the electrical box. Using a circuit tester, check if the power is indeed off
- Remove the wiring of the old fixture by unscrewing the wire connectors counter clockwise and disconnecting the wires. Take note of the different wires such as the neutral wire, ground wire, and hot wire.
- Check the weight of your new chandelier. If the new chandelier is heavier than the one it is replacing, install a junction box that will support its weight. However, if the new chandelier is the same weight as the old fixture, there is no need to change the ceiling junction box that holds the chandelier.
- Screw all parts of the new chandelier together. Don’t install the bulbs yet. The chandelier will be lighter and easier to mount without the bulbs.
- Mount the chandelier using a mounting strap then wire the neutral, hot, and ground wires to their corresponding leads using wire connectors.
- Secure the chandelier into place by screwing in the bolts or locknuts to the ceiling.
- Install the bulbs. Turn on the power and test the chandelier.
How to Install a Ceiling Pendant
- Switch the power off at the main circuit box. Use a tape to cover the switch so that it doesn’t get turned back on during this project. Ensure that the power is off using a circuit tester.
- Remove the old fixture by carefully pulling the fixture from its mounting bracket. Separate the wire nuts from the wires, detach the fixture, and remove the mounting brackets.
- Attach the new mounting bracket onto the junction box. Old mounting brackets usually have mounting screws that screw in from the bottom while new ones have open bolts on the bottom which are capped with a cap nut.
- Attach the wires to the new ceiling pendant following the manufacturer’s instructions. The general rule is, white to white, black to black, and ground to ground.
- Attach the connections using wire nuts. Connect the bare ground wire to the green ground screw on the mounting bracket. On certain fixtures, the neutral wire may be a black wire with a white stripe. Slip the new ceiling pendant over the bolts in the mounting bracket. Fasten the mounting cap nuts.
How to Install Flush Mount Lighting
- Turn off the breaker switch. Secure the nut to hold the threaded tube in place inside the strap.
- The new fixture will come with junction box screws, so remove the old screws and use the new ones to screw the threaded tube in place in the junction box.
- Attach the ground wire onto the green mounting strap ground screw. Using supply wires, twist the fixture’s stranded wires and screw a twist-on wire connector over these.
- Hold the new flush mount fixture in place against the ceiling. Screw the nut onto the threaded tube. Make sure that the nut is fastened tight enough so that the fixture and globe do not sway when in place.
- Screw light bulbs into the sockets. The bulbs should not be more than 40 watts each to avoid producing excessive heat.
- Turn on the breaker switch.
How to Install a Semi-Flush Mount Light
- Turn off the light switch for the old fixture. Loosen the old fixture’s screws, the ones that hold the globe on the old lamp with a screwdriver. Remove the globe and the bulbs. Remove the screws that hold the old light fixture to the ceiling, so that it hangs by its wiring.
- Remove all electrical tapes that are covering the wire connections. If applicable, unscrew the wire nuts. Disconnect the fixture wires from the wires coming through the ceiling.
- Strip the wires of the new semi-flush mount fixture to expose at least ½ inch of bare wire. Hold the black wire from the fixture together with the black wire from the ceiling then insert the stripped ends into a wire nut. Twist the wire nut until it is tight then bind the connection with electrical tape.
- Repeat Step 3, this time connecting the white wire from the new fixture with the white wire from the ceiling. Afterwards, repeat the same step for the bare wire from the fixture with the bare wire from the ceiling.
- Out the base of the semi-flush fixture against the ceiling. Mount the fixture according the manufacturer’s instructions. Install the light bulbs followed by the globe. Turn the light switch on.